Keyword Analysis & Research: menthofurane


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What is menthofuran and is it dangerous?

Menthofuran is an organic compound found in a variety of essential oils including that of Pennyroyal. It is highly toxic and believed to be the primary toxin in Pennyroyal responsible for its potentially fatal effects. After ingestion of menthofuran, it is metabolically activated to chemically reactive intermediates that are hepatotoxic.

How is menthofuran made from pulegone?

Menthofuran is produced biosynthetically from pulegone by the enzyme menthofuran synthase . Menthofuran can be synthesized from 5-methylcyclohexane-1,3-dione and allenyldimethylsulfonium bromide in two steps via a furannulation strategy consisting of enolate addition and rearrangement.

What is menthofuran synthase?

General description (+)-Menthofuran is a metabolite of pulegone, found in mint plants, which is basically produced from (+)–pulegone by menthofuran synthase enzyme, under certain conditions of stress like low sunlight, limited moisture and nutrient deficiencies.

How is menthofuran metabolically activated?

After ingestion of menthofuran, it is metabolically activated to chemically reactive intermediates that are hepatotoxic. Menthofuran is produced biosynthetically from pulegone by the enzyme menthofuran synthase .


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